Texto para as questõs 01 até 04 sobre Past and Present Continuous
Haiti’s indentured children
The days after Haiti’s earthquake brought joyous reunions for some families. Others faced the grim reality that they’d been suddenly robbed of parents or offspring. But for Haiti’s 225,000 restaveks, or indentured children, the quake brought only an uncertain future.
Slavery – which ended with independence in 1804 – is illegal in Haiti. And technically, restaveks are not slaves. The institution has its roots in the Caribbean tradition of child lending between families (usually relatives) to pitch in with extra work, care for the elderly or sick, or to provide opportunity to a child from a poor family. Generally, rural parents send their children to live with wealthier families in the cities. In exchange for domestic labor, the children are supposed to receive lodging, food, clothing, medicine, and – most importantly – education. In as many as half of the cases, they do (though classifying treatment in private homes is notoriously difficult). The unlucky ones, called restaveks – from the French rester avec, or “to stay with” – are loaned through normal channels but denied schooling and subject to abuse and degradation. This phenomenon has spiked in modern Haiti, as more and more children end up with equally impoverished families in the slums.
Before the quake, up to 22 percent of Haitian homes contained restaveks, according to a study funded by USAID. Keeping restaveks is illegal, but child loans are not and, given the extent of Haiti’s governmental dysfunction, it’s hard to tell which cases are which. Now that the quake has thrown family networks into disarray, the flimsy social ties supporting restaveks are likely to break down. “For families struggling in the wake of a catastrophe, restavek kids are the first to go”, says Glenn Smucker, an anthropologist who specializes in development work in Haiti. “Their parents are not there to watch out for them, so they’re far more vulnerable” to desertion and trafficking.
But even as the numbers of abandoned restaveks swell, the demand for their services is likely to decrease. A mass exodus of residents from Port-au-Prince is reversing decades of migratory trends. If the shift sticks, it means there will be less need for restaveks in the city. But it’s also possible that families suffering from the quake’s economic aftershocks will feel extra pressure to lend out their children, even as it becomes more likely they’ll end up as restaveks. Which, combined with a spike in new orphans, means Haiti will likely see a rise in the number of its street children in the years to come.
PAUL, Katie. Newsweek.
01. De acordo com o texto, o Haiti tenta resolver o problema das crianças cujos pais morreram no terremoto:
A) oferecendo ajuda financeira para os responsáveis pelas crianças.
B) facilitando a adoção dessas crianças por famílias haitianas.
C) permitindo o trabalho dessas crianças em casas de famílias.
D) encaminhando a maioria das crianças menores de oito anos para orfanatos do governo.
E) incentivando a adoção dessas crianças por famílias estrangeiras.
02. O antropólogo Glenn Smucker:
A) é um especialista em estudos sobre crianças que se encontram em situação de risco.
B) criticou o tratamento dado às crianças abandonadas nas ruas.
C) criou um departamento para facilitar e agilizar a adoção internacional de crianças haitianas.
D) propôs a criação de leis de proteção aos menores haitianos.
E) alertou para o fato de que as crianças haitianas podem ser vítimas de abandono ou de tráfico.
03. A palavra flimsy, no 3º parágrafo do texto, pode ser substituída por:
04. O texto afirma que a cidade de Porto Príncipe está:
A) sendo reconstruída rapidamente pelas autoridades do Haiti.
B) destruída, apesar de não ter sido abandonada pelos moradores.
C) alterando sua tradição migratória.
D) retomando práticas do tempo da escravidão.
E) cercada pelas autoridades do Haiti.
FCMMG – Texto para as questões 05 até 09 sobre Past and Present Continuous
Obese kids suffer both physically and emotionally throughout childhood, and those who remain heavy as adolescents tend to stay that way into adulthood. The resulting illnesses – diabetes, heart disease, high blood pressure, several cancers – have cost the American government $100 billion in medical expenses. It’s been estimated that some 6 million American children are now fat enough to endanger their health and the problem is growing more extreme and widespread.
Teens, even more than younger children, are at risk of replacing companionship with cookies. If they’re lonely, the food is their friend. Parents should always look beyond the weight itself: Is it a warning sign? Is the child depressed? If the answer is yes, then address the cause, not the symptom.
Being overweight in modern culture is devastating enough for small children. The point is that a child who feels loved, not judged, is more likely to accept a parent’s message about the need to lose weight.
NEWSWEEK, Jul. 3, 2000. (Adapted).
05. Obese kids are:
A) the ones who only face up emotional troubles.
C) those suffering from high blood pressure.
D) the ones that need government’s support.
06. The question of childhood obesity:
A) endangers everyone’s health.
B) always leads to depression.
C) seems impossible to be tackled.
D) can be extended to adulthood.
07. Teens are at risk of replacing companionship with cookies. The boldface words stand for:
A) away from.
D) in danger.
08. Food is teens’ friend particularly when they:
A) see no relationship between cause and symptom.
B) get a warning sign regarding overeating.
C) are on their own.
D) overcome their depression.
09. A child who feels loved:
A) will feel devastated, for gaining weight is unavoidable.
B) ought to be judged as well as looked after.
C) gets easier to be approached when the topic is the need to lose weight.
D) seldom wonders what their parents’ message is about.
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